Details about the Georgian Language - Origin - History - Translation

Georgian Language

History and Uniqueness

Georgian, spoken by over 4 million people primarily in Georgia, stands out as a captivating and unique member of the language family. Unlike most European languages, Georgian belongs to the Kartvelian language family, tracing an independent path for millennia. This distinct heritage makes it a valuable resource for linguists and a fascinating subject for anyone interested in the evolution of languages.

The Evolution of Georgian Script

The Georgian language boasts a rich history reflected in its writing system. Three distinct scripts have graced Georgian throughout the centuries. Old Georgian script, used from the 5th to the 11th century AD, was an alphabet derived from Aramaic.

It was followed by Nuskhuri, a more cursive script used from the 10th to the 19th centuries. From the 19th century till today, Mkhedruli alphabet became established as the primary script for used for Georgian. Introduced in the 10th century, Mkhedruli features 33 letters with a logical structure and aesthetically pleasing curves. Unlike some complex writing systems, Georgian is written from left to right, making it approachable for speakers of Western languages.

Melodic Vowels

The music of Georgia isn’t confined to its lively folk songs and energetic dances. The language itself possesses a melodious quality, thanks to its five distinct vowels: a, e, i, o, u. These vowels have distinct pronunciations that differ from their English counterparts. For instance, the “a” in Georgian sounds closer to the “a” in “father,” while the “i” resembles the “ee” in “feet.”

The Nuances of Grammar

An intriguing feature of Georgian grammar is its treatment of pronouns. Georgian is a pro-drop language, meaning pronouns like “I,” “you,” or “she” are often omitted. The verb conjugation and sentence structure inherently convey the actor or recipient of the action.

Numbers in Georgian also hold a fascinating twist. The language utilizes a vigesimal system (base-20) for larger numbers, similar to some African languages. Instead of saying “74,” one would express it as “three twenties and fourteen.” This unique system adds another layer of complexity and intrigue to the language.

The level of detail extends to verbs as well. Georgian verbs exhibit remarkable sensitivity, reflecting subtle variations in actions. There exist separate verbs for “to give” depending on whether the action is performed willingly or with hesitation. This incredible level of detail allows speakers to express themselves with remarkable precision.

A Gateway to Georgian Culture

The Georgian language grants access to a rich tapestry of literature. The epic poem “The Knight in the Panther’s Skin,” tells the story of a legendary hero named Avtandil. You can also find poignant works of modern Georgian authors like Nino Haratischvili, whose novel “The Eighth Life” delve into themes of family, love, and loss.

Georgian cinema, with its captivating narratives and artistic flair, also comes alive when experienced in its original tongue. For instance, the award-winning film “The Color of Pomegranates” by Sergei Parajanov is a masterpiece of visual storytelling, but some of its deeper symbolism and wordplay are only fully grasped by those who understand Georgian.

Translation Services

At TranslateSwift, our team of expert Georgian translators is here to bridge the language gap. Whether you require Georgian translation for business documents, certifications, or when applying for a visa, you can count on us to provide accurate and culturally-sensitive translations.